Types of Cancer

  • Bladder Cancer
  • Breast Cancer
  • Colon Cancer
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Leukemia
  • Lung Cancer
  • Melanoma
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Thyroid Cancer

About Diagnosis & Treatment

Cancer diagnosis and treatment at CPCC-LAB involves a team of experts in radiology, pathology, surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and symptom management. Learn more about our approach to diagnosis and treatment, what to expect as an MSK patient or caregiver, and how we help you manage symptoms and side effects.

Your Cancer Care Team

At CPCC-LAB, patient care is a team effort. Each of our patient care teams combines the skills and experience of several healthcare professionals, many of whom specialize in diagnosing and treating one type of cancer. Our team members meet regularly to discuss patients’ diagnostic and treatment information, meaning that each patient benefits from a wide range of expertise. Having representatives of many different disciplines involved in your care ensures that you will receive the best possible treatment for your specific needs.

During your treatment at CPCC-LAB, you may encounter a variety of healthcare professionals. Here is information about their roles on the patient care team.

Treatment Team

For most cancers, treatment is led by one or more primary physicians, including a medical oncologist, a surgical oncologist, and a radiation oncologist. For some cancers, you may also see an interventional radiologist. Each of these physicians brings a defined set of expertise and techniques for treating cancer.

At CPCC-LAB, members of each treatment team specialize in treating one type of cancer. This means that the physicians and other healthcare professionals on your treatment team are highly experienced in caring for patients with the type of cancer you have. Working together, your treatment team will develop a plan for the combination of treatments that will lead to the best possible outcome for you.

Diagnosing Cancer

Accurately diagnosing your cancer is crucial to deciding which care plan will be most effective for you. In addition to a physical examination, doctors use the results of many tests such as blood and imaging tests and biopsies to diagnose cancer and find out if it has spread to other parts of the body.

Our radiologists use the most advanced imaging technologies to safely detect cancer, and our pathologists employ sophisticated techniques to precisely pinpoint the type and extent (or stage) of disease you have.

Because our sole focus is and always has been cancer, we bring a tremendous amount of experience to the diagnosis of all types of the disease, even in its rarest forms. And like our oncologists, our radiologists and pathologists are all subspecialized experts in their respective fields. For example, members of our Hematopathology Service use advanced tests designed specifically to diagnose diseases of the blood, blood-forming cells, and tissues and organs that make up the lymphatic system.

Our researchers developed and are now using a tool called MSK-IMPACT™ that tests individual tumor samples for genetic mutations, then correlates the findings with clinical data on how well such a tumor might respond to treatments.

Newer technologies, some of which were developed or improved at MSK, are enhancing our ability to accurately diagnose cancer and make more informed treatment recommendations. Genetic sequencing, for instance, can zero in on specific genetic abnormalities that drive the growth of cancer cells and may be targeted with certain forms of drug-based therapies.

In addition, special blood tests that measure tumor markers released by cancer cells (and sometimes by healthy cells) in the blood may be used to diagnose cancer or detect its return, plan and monitor treatment, or predict prognosis.